National Desk (Sanjeev Sharma): There is no historical evidence of what Diwali is related to firecrackers. In fact, knowing the history of firecrackers is not as easy as burning firecrackers. But whenever Diwali comes, the talk of banning firecrackers definitely becomes clear. Especially, since the 2015 petition when the Supreme Court had called for a ban on firecrackers from three newborns. The names of these babies were Arjun Gopal, Aarav Bhandari and Zoya Rao Bhasin. They will be five years old now. It is possible that their mind is also trying to crack firecrackers this Diwali, but the debate on the decision of this Supreme Court last year on the same petition filed in their name by their families is still going on today.
The court did not ban firecrackers on Diwali, but they have been banned. Now firecrackers can be burnt on Diwali (or any other such festival) between 8 to 10 pm. On Christmas and New Year occasions this time is one hour which will be from 11:45 to 12:45 of night. The Supreme Court has also said that green crackers are being fired in the country. In this way the firecrackers have escaped being banned, but the debate remains as it is. Debate as to whether it is right to fire crackers on Diwali? Those who are against it, their biggest argument remains that Diwali has nothing to do with firecrackers. Diwali is a festival associated with light which later became associated with fireworks and firecrackers. Even in Sikhism, there is a mention about the Day of Captivity, but it is not even authentic that firecrackers would have been fired then, because in the country today what we call firecrackers or fireworks, Those things came only after 1940. Yes, it is possible that guns or cannons have been fired on such occasions, which have replaced firecrackers over time. If so, then this celebration is already self-contained, which came on firecrackers from gun / cannon. But let’s take a look at the history of firecrackers on this pretext.
How old is the history of firecrackers?
After studying various available articles we have found that the arrival of firecrackers in India is considered to be Mughal period. However, this is also not a fully established fact. Before that Kautilya’s Arthashastra also mentions any such powder that you can call gunpowder. In such a situation, it can be considered that the invention of firecrackers is the culmination of gunpowder experiments. By the way, let me tell you that the ammo in the world was discovered in 1270 (or earlier) by the Syrian chemist Hassan Al Rammah in his book in 1270. Well, in 1526, gunpowder came in the form of the army of the Zamir Uddin Mohammad Babur, the Temuri ruler of Kabul in 1526, in the battle of a very large army of Delhi Sultan Ibrahim Lodhi. This was the first battle in which gunpowder was officially used in our country for the first time.
Historians write that when the Sultan of Kabul attacked the Sultan of Delhi in 1526, the Indian soldiers missed sixes after hearing the sound of his gunpowder. While Lodhi’s army was three times more than that of Babur. It is believed that if before that there was a tradition of bursting firecrackers in temples and festivals etc. in India, then the mighty soldier of Lodhi would not have been so afraid of loud voice. People are also seen burning firecrackers in an available picture of Dara Shikoh’s wedding, which is included in the Mughal period documents. But in Ayodhya, there was no mention of fire crackers on the arrival of Rama, there is a description of burning lamps of ghee. Interestingly, Rama’s in-laws i.e. Mithila / Janakpuri, now in Nepal, currently have a ban on burning firecrackers. Well when this thing came to India with the Mughals, maybe
Big question: when will green crackers come
The Supreme Court had also mentioned green firecrackers in its orders. The reality is that green crackers are not available in the country right now. They are only in the experimental state. The National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI) is researching these. Neeri has made four types of green firecrackers. Water-producing crackers, aroma aroma crackers, low-aluminum-producing crackers and work sulfur and nitrogen-producing crackers. Spices used in green firecrackers are very different from normal firecrackers. Neeri has created some formulas that will produce less harmful gas. But in spite of all this, the truth is that green crackers will take time to enter the market. Till then you have to make a balance between the firecrackers and the environment itself, so that the festival is also enjoyed and the environment is not spoiled. Perhaps this is also the intention of the Supreme Court, That is why he did not put a complete ban on firecrackers. By the way you can save both Diwali and environment with firecrackers by planting / saving more trees.